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Mysticism and Self transformation in Early Quanzhen Daoism
Name: Mysticism and Self transformation in Early Quanzhen Daoism
Author: komjathy
Pages: 577
Year: 2011
Language: English
File Size: 8.71 MB
Downloads: 0
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On the cover : Lamenting the Skeleton. Wang Chongyang instructs Ma Danyang and Sun Buer on the impermanence of human existence. Temple Mural, Hall of Chongyang, Palace of Eternal Joy, Ruicheng, Shanxi. Yuan dynasty, 1358. Ink and colors on plaster. (Photo: Louis Komjathy) This book is printed on acid free paper. Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data A C.I.P. record for this book is available from the Library of Congress. ISSN: 1547 1217 ISBN: 978 90 04 16038 5 Copyright 2007 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands. Koninklijke Brill NV incorporates the imprints Brill, Hotei Publishing, IDC Publishers, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers and VSP. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, translated, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission from the publisher. Brill has made all reasonable efforts to trace all right holders to any copyrighted material used in this work. In cases where these efforts have not been successful the publisher welcomes communications from copyright holders, so that the appropriate acknowledgements can be made in future editions, and to settle other permission matters. Authorization to photocopy items for internal or personal use is granted by Koninklijke Brill NV provided that the appropriate fees are paid directly to The Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Suite 910, Danvers, MA 01923, USA. Fees are subject to change. printed in the netherlands komjathy_i iv.indd ivkomjathy_i iv.indd iv7/10/2007 10:42:08 AM7/10/2007 10:42:08 AM


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CONTENTS Preface ........................................................................ ................. ix Acknowledgments ....................................................................... xi List of Tables ........................................................................ ...... xvii List of Illustrations ...................................................................... xix List of Abbreviations .................................................................. xxi Introduction ........................................................................ ........ 1 Approaches to Daoist Studies. On the Meaning of Quanzhen. De ning Characteristics. Scope of the Study PART ONE EARLY QUANZHEN IN HISTORICAL AND COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE Chapter One Historical Development .................................... 33 Formative Phase. Wang Chongyang and the First Generation Disciples. Incipient Organized and Organized Phases. From Religious Movement to Monastic Order Chapter Two Self, Praxis, Experience .................................... 63 Considering Self. Transformative Praxis. Mysticism and Experience. Self, Praxis, Experience Chapter Three Ordinary Human Being ................................. 98 Self as Decaying Corpse. Skeletons and Marionettes. Sources of Dissipation. Abandoning Habituation and Conditioning Chapter Four Self in Cultivational Context ........................... 114 Foundational Views. Beyond Ordinary Human Being. The Alchemical Body. The Quanzhen Synthesis Chapter Five Foundational Practices ....................................... 147 Ethical Recti cation and Puri cation. Seclusion and Meditation Enclosure. Ascetic Commitments komjathy_f1_prelims.indd vkomjathy_f1_prelims.indd v7/10/2007 10:36:37 AM7/10/2007 10:36:37 AM


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Chapter Six Advanced Training Regimens ............................ 174 Wugeng Training. Cultivating Clarity and Stillness. Inner Observation. Alchemical Methods. Transformations of Self Chapter Seven Mystical Experiences and Numinous Abilities .............................................................. .......................... 216 Encounters with Immortals. Signs of Successful Training. Boons along the Way Chapter Eight Mystical Being and Mystical Experiencing .... 239 Transformational Experiences. Formation of the Yang spirit. Immortality and Perfection. Mystical Being and Mystical Experiencing PART TWO COMPLETE ANNOTATED TRANSLATION OF THE CHONGYANG ZHENREN JINGUAN YUSUO JUE Translation Introduction: Approaching Perfected Chongyang's Instructions ........................................................................ .......... 265 Date and Authorship. Survey of Contents Annotated Translation: Perfected Chongyang's Instructions on the Gold Pass and Jade Lock ................................................ 286 APPENDICES Appendix One Concise Chronology of Early Quanzhen Daoism ........................................................................ ................ 371 Appendix Two Genealogy of Early Quanzhen Daoism ........ 378 Appendix Three Early Quanzhen Textual Corpus ................ 382 Appendix Four Chinese Text of Chongyang zhenren jinguan yusuo jue ........................................................................ ................ 423 Appendix Five Towards a Technical Glossary of Early Quanzhen Daoism ...................................................................... 435vi contents komjathy_f1_prelims.indd vikomjathy_f1_prelims.indd vi7/10/2007 10:36:37 AM7/10/2007 10:36:37 AM


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PREFACE This book is a study of early Quanzhen (Ch' an chen; Complete Perfection) Daoism, a Daoist religious movement and subsequent monas tic order. The Quanzhen movement began in the twelfth century under the leadership of Wang Zhe (Chongyang ; 1113 1170). This study focuses on the early phases of the Quanzhen religious movement, here spoken of as its formative, incipient organized, and organized phases. It emphasizes the lives and teachings of Wang Chongyang and his rst generation disciples. Employing a compara tive religious studies methodology, this study examines early Quanzhen Daoism in terms of conceptions of self, religious praxis, and mystical experience. The study also contains a complete annotated translation of the Chongyang zhenren jinguan yusuo jue Chongyang's Instructions on the Gold Pass and Jade Lock; DZ 1156). Attributed to the founder Wang Chongyang, the text is one of the most technical discussions of early Quanzhen practice principles, training regimens, and models of attainment. In terms of Daoist Studies, I argue, based on historical contextualization and textual analysis, that in its formative and incipient organized phases Quanzhen was a Daoist religious community consisting of a few renunciants dedicated to reli gious praxis. In contrast to many previous studies that characterize Quan zhen as a "syncretistic" or "reform" movement, this study repositions Quanzhen in the history of Daoism as a soteriological system, complete with distinctive views of self, training regimens, and mystical experi ences. The primary characteristics of this Daoist movement center on self cultivation, alchemical transformation, and a shift in ontological condition herein referred to as "mystical being" and "mystical experi encing." With regard to comparative religious studies, I suggest that in order to gain a nuanced understanding of any religious system more attention needs to be given to the complicated interplay among views of self, speci c training regimens, and the types of experiences that are expected to follow from dedicated praxis. Every practice or training regi men embodies, quite literally, speci c views of self, and the attainment of more advanced states requires these views of self. Moreover, speci c techniques may lead to tradition speci c experiences, and the soteriolog ical import of these techniques and their related experiences are directly related to the ultimate concerns of a given religious tradition. komjathy_f1_prelims.indd ixkomjathy_f1_prelims.indd ix7/10/2007 10:36:38 AM7/10/2007 10:36:38 AM


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