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Mineral Deposits within the European Community
Name: Mineral Deposits within the European Community
Author: ph. rossi
Pages: 558
Year: 1988
Language: English
File Size: 17.52 MB
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Dr. JEAN BorSSONNAS Commission of the European Communities Directorate general for Science, Research and Development Rue de la Loi 200 1049 Brussels, Belgium Professor Dr. PAOLO OMENETTO Istituto di Mineralogia e Petrologia Corso Garibaldi 37 35100 Padova, Italy ISBN 978 3 642 51860 7 ISBN 978 3 642 51858 4 (eBook) DOI 10.1007/978 3 642 51858 4 Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data. Mineral deposits within the European Community. (Special publication no. 6 of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits) 1. Mines and mineral resources European Economic Community countries. I. Boissonnas, J. (Jean), 1935 . II. Omenetto, Paolo. III. Series: Special publication ... of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits; no. 6. TN55.M563 1988 553'.094 88 3079 This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, re use of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microfilms or in other ways, and storage in data banks. Duplication of this publication or parts thereof is only permitted under the provi sions of the German Copyright Law of September 9, 1965, in its version of June 24, 1985, and a copyright fee must always be paid. Violations fall under the prosecution act of the German Copyright Law. Springer Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988 Softcover reprint of the hardcover I st edition 1988 The use of registered names, trademarks, etc. in this publication does not imply, even in the absence of a specific statement, that such names are exempt from the relevant protective laws and regulations and therefore free for general use. Typesetting: ASCO Trade Typesetting Ltd., North Point, Hong Kong 2132/3130 543210

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Preface The initial idea for this book arose from a conversation with Professor H. J. Schneider, editor in chief of Mineralium De posita. He was participating in one of the research projects and suggested that it might be worth while to collect papers on the EC programme in a Special Publication of the SGA. I am pleased to acknowledge the advice he gave me on that occasion and also his help in establishing the first contacts with Springer Verlag. Special acknowledgements are due to Dr. Ph. Bourdeau of the EC Commission, who was the director responsible for the conception, formulation and overall coordination of the 1978 81 and 1982 85 programmes. Authors and readers alike should be aware that these programmes would not have taken place (and thus by implication no projects could have been funded) without the active support of the national delegations in the Committees advising the Commission on the programmes. Professor P. Omenetto, acting chairman of SGA during the years 1986 87, has given me constant assistance and encourage ment during the successive phases of our editorial work. Despite his many duties, he has even managed to produce a chapter for the book! Finally, I wish to extend my thanks to my English speaking colleagues who have helped me on points of style for the pre face and introduction, also to my 14 year old son Remi, a virtuoso on the home computer and my co author for the sub ject index. Note on the acknowledgments to EC contracts. Contracts with the European Community (EC) are acknowledged at the end of each paper. The letters MSM = (Metaux et Substances Minerales, Metals and Mineral Substances) refer to the con tracts of the 1982 85 period, whereas the letters MPP = (Matieres Premieres Primaires, Primary Raw Materials) desig nate the projects which were started under the 1978 81 pro gramme. The acronym EEC (European Economic Community)

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Contents Part I Tungsten (Tin, Lithium, Molybdenum, Tantalum) Metallogenic Wand Sn Granites: Genesis and Main Distinguishing Features PH. RosSI, A. COCHERIE, G. MEYER, A. M. FouILLAc, and A. AUTRAN (With 9 Figures) ........... 3 Fluid Inclusion Volatiles as a Guide to Tungsten Deposits, Southwest England: Application to Other Sn W Provinces in Western Europe T. J. SHEPHERD and M. F. MILLER (With 6 Figures) 29 Geochemical and Isotope (H, C, 0, S) Studies of Barren and Tungsten Bearing Skarns of the French Pyrenees M.B. GUY, S.M.F. SHEPPARD, A.M. FouILLAc, R. LE GUYADER, P. TOULHOAT, and M. FONTEILLES (With 6 Figures) .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Petrochemical and 18 0/ 16 0 Characteristics of W Skarn Associated and W Barren Granitoids in the (E ) Pyrenees and NW Portugal J. SALEMINK and A.F.M. DE JONG (With 9 Figures) 76 Ore Controls for the Salau Scheelite Deposit (Ariege, France): Evolution of Ideas and Present State of Knowledge M. FONTEILLES, L. NANsoT, P. SOLER, and A. ZAHM (With 5 Figures) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Distribution of Scheelite in Magnesian Skarns at Traversella (Piemontese Alps, Italy) and Costabonne (Eastern Pyrenees, France): Nature of the Associated Magmatism and Influence of Fluid Composition M. DUBRu, J. VANDER AUWERA, G. VAN MARCKE DE LUMMEN, and J. VERKAEREN (With 13 Figures) . .. 117

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VIII Contents Assessment of Mineralogical Influences on the Element Mobility in the W Sn Enriched Granite of Regoufe and Its Derivatives (Portugal) by Means of XRF Analysis of Unpolished Rock Sections P. M. F. VAN GAANS, S. P. VRIEND, R. P. E. POORTER, and J.B.H. JANSEN (With 5 Figures) . . . . . . . .. 135 The Recording of Fluid Phases Through REE Contents in Hydrothermal Minerals. A Case Study: Apatites from the Meymac Tungsten District (French Massif Central) L. RAIMBAULT (With 3 Figures) ........... 151 Genesis of Scheelite Bearing Calcsilicate Gneisses in the Tanneron Massif (Var, France) A. DE SMEDT and PH. SONNET (With 12 Figures) 160 Scheelite Bearing Metalliferous Sequences of the Peloritani Mountains, Northeastern Sicily (with Some Remarks on Tungsten Metallogenesis in the Calabrian Peloritan Arc) P. OMENETTO, V. MEGGIOLARO, P. SPAGNA, L. BRIGO, P. FERLA, and J. L. GUION (With 6 Figures) ..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 179 Controls on the Occurrence and Distribution of Tungsten and Lithium Deposits on the Southeast Margin of the Leinster Granite, Ireland P. McARDLE and P. S. KENNAN (With 3 Figures) . .. 199 Geology and Geotectonic Setting of Cratonic Porphyry Molybdenum Deposits in the North Atlantic Region H. K. SCH0NWANDT (With 5 Figures) ........ 210 Niobium Tantalum Mineralisation in the Motzfeldt Centre of the Igaliko Nepheline Syenite Complex, South Greenland T. TUKIAINEN (With 6 Figures) . . . . . . . . . . 230 Part II Chromite and Platinum Group Elements Structural Controls on the Location and Form of the Vourinos Chromite Deposits S. ROBERTS, A. RASSIOS, L. WRIGHT, I. VACONDIOS, G. VRACHATIS, E. GRIVAS, R. W. NESBITT, C. R. NEARY, T. MOAT, and L. KONSTANTOPOLOU (With 14 Figures) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249

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Comparative Study of Chromite Deposits from Troodos, Vourinos, North Oman and New Caledonia Ophiolites T. AUGE and Z. JOHAN (With 3 Figures) . . . . . . .. 267 The Shetland Ophiolite: Evidence for a Supra Subduction Zone Origin and Implications for Platinum Group Element Mineralization H. M. PRICHARD and R. A. LORD (With 5 Figures) 289 Experimental Evidence on the Formation and Mineralogy of Platinum and Palladium ore Deposits M. MAKOVICKY, E. MAKOVICKY, and J. ROSE HANSEN (With 12 Figures) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 303 Part III Base Metals, Phosphates, Placer Minerals Metallogenic Models and Exploration Criteria for Buried Carbonate Hosted Ore Deposits: Results of a Multidisciplinary Study in Eastern England J.A. PLANT, D.G. JONES, G.C. BROWN, T.B. COLMAN, J.D. CORNWELL, K. SMITH, N.J.P. SMITH, A.S.D. WALKER, and P.c. WEBB (With 9 Figures) .... . . . . . . . . . . . 321 Structural Studies and Multidata Correlation of Mineralization in Central Ireland W. E. A. PHILLIPS, A. ROWLANDS, D. W. COLLER, J. CARTER, and A. VAUGHAN (With 18 Figures) . 353 Lithogeochemical Investigations in the Navan Area, Ireland P. VAN OYEN and W. VIA ENE (With 3 Figures) . 378 Lithogeochemistry, Its Applicability to Base Metal Exploration in a Carbonate Environment J.A. CLIFFORD, H. KUCHA, and A.H. MELDRUM (With 10 Figures) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 391 Light Hydrocarbon Gases and Mineralization J. S. CARTER, P. C. D. CAZALET, and J. FERGUSON (With 9 Figures) ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 406 Metallogenesis and Geodynamic Context in the Lower Middle Cambrian of Montagne Noire (France) and Sardinia (Italy) P. COURJAULT RADE and A. GANDIN (With 6 Figures). 428

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X Contents Various Types of Cambrian Carbonate Hosted Zn Pb Mineralization in the Northern Montagne Noire, Massif Central, France. Ages and Mechanisms of Concentration J. L. LESCUYER, D. GIOT, M. DONNOT, and P. BEZIAT (With 9 Figures) " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 443 Isotopic (Sr, C, 0, and S) Tracing of Diagenetic Ore Formation in Carbonate Hosted Ore Deposits Illustrated on the F (Pb Zn) Deposits in the Alpujarrides, Spain and the San Vicente Zn Pb Mine, Peru L. FONTBOTE and H. GORZAWSKI (With 7 Figures) 465 Strata Bound Mineralizations in the Carnic Alps/Italy L. BRIGO, P. DULSKI, P. MOLLER, H. J. SCHNEIDER, and R. WOLTER (With 4 Figures) . . . . . . . . . .. 485 The Geological Setting of Base Metal Mineralisation in the Rhodope Region, Northern Greece R. W. NESBITT, M. F. BILLETT, K. L. ASHWORTH, C. DENIEL, D. CONSTANTINIDES, A. DEMETRIADES, C. KATIRTZOGLOU, C. MICHAEL, E. MpOSKos, S. ZACHOS, and D. SANDERSON (With 5 Figures) 499 Late Cretaceous Phosphate Stratiform Deposits of the Mons Basin (Belgium) F. ROBASZYNSKI and M. MARTIN (With 9 Figures) 515 Mineral Concentrations in the Recent Sediments Off Eastern Macedonia, Northern Greece: Geological and Geochemical Considerations C. PERISSORATIS, S. A. MOORBY, I. ANGELOPOULOS, D. S. CRONAN, C. PAPAVASILIOU, N. KONISPOLIATIS, F. SAKELLARIADOU, and D. MlTROPOULOS (With 17 Figures) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 530 Subject Index . . . 553

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List of Contributors You will find the addresses at the beginning of the respective contribution Angelopoulos,1. 530 Ashworth, K. L. 499 Auge, T. 267 Autran, A. 3 Beziat, P. 443 Billett, M. F. 499 Brigo, L. 179,485 Brown, G. C. 321 Carter, J. 353, 406 Cazalet, P. C. D. 406 Clifford, J. A. 391 Cocherie, A. 3 Coller, D. W. 353 Colman, T. B. 321 Constantinides, D. 499 Cornwell, J.D. 321 Courjault Rade, P. 428 Cronan, D.S. 530 De Jong, A.F.M. 76 Demetriades, A. 499 Deniel, C. 499 De Smedt, A. 160 Donnot, M. 443 Dubru, M. 117 Dulski, P. 485 Ferguson, J. 406 Feria, P. 179 Fontbote, L. 465 Fonteilles, M. 53, 95 Fouillac, A. M. 3,53 Gandin, A. 428 Giot, D. 443 Gorzawski, H. 465 Grivas, E. 249 Guion, J.L. 179 Guy, M.B. 53 Jansen, J.B.H. 135 Johan, Z. 267 Jones, D. G. 321 Katirtzoglou, C. 499 Kennan, P. S. 199 Konispoliatis, N. 530 Konstantopolou, L. 249 Kucha, H. 391 Le Guyader, R. 53 Lescuyer, J. L. 443 Lord, R. A. 289 Makovicky, E. 303 Makovicky, M. 303 Marcke de Lummen, van, G. 117 Martin, M. 515 McArdle, P. 199 Meggiolaro, V. 179 Meldrum, A. H. 391 Meyer, G. 3 Michael, C. 499 Miller, M.F. 29 Mitropoulos, D. 530 Moat, T. 249 Moller, P. 485 Moorby, S. A. 530 Mposkos, E. 499 Nansot, L. 95 Neary, C. R. 249 Nesbitt, R. W. 249,499 Omenetto, P. 179 Papavasiliou, C. 530 Perissoratis, C. 530 Phillips, W. E. A. 353 Plant, J.A. 321 Poorter, R.P.E. 135

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