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African Dominion: A New History of Empire in Early and Medieval West Africa
Name: African Dominion: A New History of Empire in Early and Medieval West Africa
Author: michael a. gomez
Pages: 521
Year: 2018
Language: English
File Size: 4.38 MB
Downloads: 0
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Copyright ???? by Princeton University Press Published by Princeton University Press, ?? William Street, Princeton, New Jersey ????? In the United Kingdom: Princeton University Press, ? Oxford Street, Woodstock, Oxfordshire OX?? ?TR press.princeton.edu Jacket photo: Great Mud Mosque, Djenn , Mali. Courtesy of Ruud Zwart All Rights Reserved Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Names: Gomez, Michael A., ???? author. Title: African dominion : a new history of empire in early and medieval West Africa / Michael A. Gomez. Description: Princeton : Princeton University Press, ????. | Includes bibliographical references and index. Identi?ers: LCCN ?????????? | ISBN ????????????? (hardcover : alk. paper) Subjects: LCSH: Islam Africa, West History. | Slavery Africa, West History. | Africa, West History To ????. Classi?cation: LCC DT??? .G?? ???? | DDC ???.?? dc?? LC record available at https://lccn.loc.gov/?????????? British Library Cataloging in Publication Data is available This book has been composed in Miller Printed on acid free paper. Printed in the United States of America ?? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?


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PREFACE WHAT FOLLOWS FULFILLS A QUEST that began at the University of Chicago, where, as an undergraduate transfer from Amherst College, I enrolled in the Islamic Civilization sequence and wrote a paper on Islam in early West Africa. Graded a "C " by a graduate assistant who found the very concept "dubious," the paper was for reasons unknown to me subse quently reviewed by the course professor, John E. Woods, who, in chang ing the grade to an "A ," counseled me that, if serious, I would need to learn Arabic. It was a fateful intervention. Immersed in other projects since graduate study, I only returned to focus on this subject around ????, traveling to Mali to canvass and ex plore the manuscript collections in Timbuktu and Jenne. The early ???? outbreak of war in northern Mali proved disruptive, but I have proceeded with materials already in hand that, as will be demonstrated, have not been fully exploited. It was also my ?nding that the vast majority of man uscript materials in Mali concern the eighteenth century and thereafter, but there are collections I have yet to see, and more may be uncovered. I therefore look forward to the opportunity to revise my ?ndings in light of new documentation. I extend heartfelt thanks to all who assisted and extended their hospitality to me, especially Abdel Kader Ha dara, director of the Mama Ha dara Library in Timbuktu. What is before the reader is only sixty percent of its original submis sion (as a two volume work), addressing the most critical areas of inquiry. In underscoring the actors and issues themselves, my approach is not at all meant to slight the secondary scholarship; my debt to many will be obvious, especially the pioneering e?orts of the late John Hunwick who, with Ralph Austen and Fred Donner, were my advisors, many moons ago. I would also mention the work and mentorship of Boubacar Barry and Lansin Kaba principal sources of encouragement over the years. Parts ? and ? of the book cover the period through medieval Mali, and given the universal acceptance of the Corpus of Early Arabic Sources for West African History by Nehemia Levtzion and J.F.P. Hopkins, I adopt their rendering and forego haggling over minor disagreements in transla tion. I reference Joseph M. Cuoq's Recueil des sources arabes concernant l'Afrique occidentale du XIIIe au XVIe si cle (Bilad al Sudan) where it pro vides additional insight, or where appears a pertinent source not included


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PREFACE in Levtzion and Hopkins. Finally, I follow Franz Rosenthal's classic trans lation of Ibn Khald n's Muqaddimah. I provide my own translations in parts ? and ? of the book; some materials are not available in European languages, while in those for which such translations exist, nuances in the Arabic are important to underscore, with divergences substantive on occa sion. I dispense with diacriticals for place names, retaining them in Arabic designations for either individuals or groups. Finally, I employ a dual dating system in which the Islamic or Hijri date appears ?rst, followed by the Gregorian equivalent, as the former bet ter corresponds to how historical actors actually understood time. In using the terms "early" (third century CE to the seventh/thirteenth) and "medi eval" (seventh/thirteenth to the end of the tenth/sixteenth century), I do not mean to suggest West African history conforms to European or Asian periodizations (though there is some correspondence). Rather, "early" and "medieval" e?ectively represent watershed developments in the conjoined region itself.


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