Download IPTV Delivery Networks: Next Generation Architectures for Live and Video on Demand Services PDF

IPTV Delivery Networks: Next Generation Architectures for Live and Video on Demand Services
Name: IPTV Delivery Networks: Next Generation Architectures for Live and Video on Demand Services
Author: suliman mohamed fati
Pages: 372
Year: 2018
Language: English
File Size: 6.56 MB
Downloads: 0
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is edition rst published 2018 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, except as permitted by law. Advice on how to obtain permission to reuse material from this title is available at http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions. e right of Suliman Mohamed Fati, Saiful Azad, Al Sakib Khan Pathan to be identi ed as the authors of the editorial material in this work has been asserted in accordance with law. Registered O ces John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, USA John Wiley & Sons Ltd, e Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 8SQ, UK Editorial O ce e Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 8SQ, UK For details of our global editorial o ces, customer services, and more information about Wiley products visit us at www.wiley.com. Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats and by print on demand. Some content that appears in standard print versions of this book may not be available in other formats. Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty While the publisher and authors have used their best e orts in preparing this work, they make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this work and speci cally disclaim all warranties, including without limitation any implied warranties of merchantability or tness for a particular purpose. No warranty may be created or extended by sales representatives, written sales materials or promotional statements for this work. e fact that an organization, website, or product is referred to in this work as a citation and/or potential source of further information does not mean that the publisher and authors endorse the information or services the organization, website, or product may provide or recommendations it may make. is work is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering professional services. e advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for your situation. You should consult with a specialist where appropriate. Further, readers should be aware that websites listed in this work may have changed or disappeared between when this work was written and when it is read. Neither the publisher nor authors shall be liable for any loss of pro t or any other commercial damages, including but not limited to special, incidental, consequential, or other damages. Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication data applied for ISBN: 9781119397915 Cover design by Wiley Cover image: Robert Daly/Getty Images Set in 10/12pt WarnockPro by SPi Global, Chennai, India 10987654321


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viiiContents 2 IPTV Streaming Classi cation25 MiguelMasciopinto,PedroComesa a,andFernando P rez Gonz lez 2.1 Introduction25 2.2 Framework29 2.2.1 IPTV Description30 2.2.2 IPTV Bitrate Footprint32 2.3 Classi cation Scheme33 2.3.1 SVM Classi er36 2.4 Experimental Setup36 2.4.1 Database Construction37 2.4.2 Training/Test Set Partitioning38 2.4.3 Classi cation Performance Measures41 2.5 Experimental Results44 2.5.1 TSS vs. OFS Classi cation45 2.5.2 TSS Ternary (DVD vs. DVB S vs. DVB T) Classi cation47 2.5.3 TSS Binary (DVB S vs. DVB T) Classi cation50 2.5.4 OFS Binary (DVB S vs. DVB T) Classi cation53 2.5.5 Relevance of the Used Statistics55 2.6 Conclusions59 Acknowledgement60 References60 3 E cient IPTV Delivery over EPON65 AliAkbarNikoukar,I ShyanHwang,andAndrewTannyLiem 3.1 Introduction65 3.2 Broadband Access Network Technologies67 3.3 Live IPTV Delivery over EPON76 3.3.1 Hardware Architecture78 3.3.2 Multicast Protocol Design80 3.3.3 Pre request Broadcasting Mechanism81 3.3.4 Performance evaluation85 3.4 Conclusions88 References88 4 Content Awareness in IPTV Delivery Networks93 SulimanMohamedFatiandPutraSumari 4.1 Introduction93 4.2 e Key Challenges in IPTV Delivery Networks97


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Contentsix 4.2.1 Request Distribution Algorithms in IPTV Delivery Networks97 4.2.2 Cost Reduction in IPTV Delivery Networks102 4.2.2.1 Replica Placement Schemes in IPTV Delivery Networks103 4.2.2.2 Resource Allocation Schemes in IPTV Delivery Networks105 4.3 Content Status Issue in IPTV Delivery Networks108 4.3.1 Unawareness of Content Status in Replica Placement Schemes109 4.3.2 Unawareness of Content Status in Request Distribution Algorithms110 4.3.3 Unawareness of Content Status in Resource Allocation110 4.4 IPTV Content Status Modelling: A New Direction111 4.4.1 IPTV Content Status Modelling112 4.4.2 Experimental Results114 4.5 Conclusion118 References119 Part II QoS and QoE for IPTV Delivery Networks 127 5 Zapping Delay Reduction in IPTV Systems129 AlirezaAbdollahpouri 5.1 Introduction129 5.2 A Review of the Existing Studies131 5.2.1 Reduce I Frame Acquisition Delay131 5.2.1.1 Use Additional Stream131 5.2.1.2 Inserting Extra I Frames and Reduction in the Size of GOP132 5.2.2 Prediction Based Mechanisms133 5.2.3 Techniques Based on Scalable Video Coding134 5.2.4 Techniques Based on IGMP Schemes134 5.3 Prediction Based Prejoining Method in WiMAX Networks136 5.3.1 Modelling the Behaviour of a Single IPTV User, During an ON Session137 5.4 Performance Evaluation142


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xContents 5.5 Future Directions for Research146 5.6 Conclusion147 References147 6 Channel Zapping Time in IPTV: Challenges and Solutions 151 SajjadZare,SeyyedMohammadHosseiniVerki,andAkbar GhaffarpourRahbar 6.1 Introduction151 6.1.1 IPTV Network Infrastructure151 6.1.1.1 Basic IPTV System152 6.1.1.2 IP Multicast in IPTV Architecture153 6.1.1.3 P2P IPTV Architecture153 6.1.2 Business Models154 6.1.2.1 Free to Air (FTA)154 6.1.2.2 PPV155 6.1.2.3 Subscription155 6.1.2.4 A La Carte155 6.2 Challenges in Channel Zapping Time155 6.2.1 Jitter156 6.2.2 Limited Bandwidth156 6.2.3 Elements of Zapping Delay156 6.3 Proposed Methods for Reducing Channel Zapping Time158 6.3.1 Client Based Methods158 6.3.1.1 Pre Joining Neighbouring Channels158 6.3.1.2 Tracking User Behaviour159 6.3.1.3 Ordering Pre Join Channels in the List161 6.3.2 Content Based Methods163 6.3.3 Network Based Methods167 6.3.3.1 Improving Zap Response Time for IPTV169 6.3.3.2 A Novel Channel Switching Scenario in Multicast IPTV Networks169 6.3.3.3 IGMP for IPTV Services in Passive Optical Networks170 6.3.3.4 Implementation of EIGMP for Fast IPTV Channel Change in GEPON171 6.3.3.5 Advanced Scheme to Reduce IPTV Channel Zapping Time172 6.3.4 Hybrid Methods172


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Contentsxi 6.3.4.1 An E ective IPTV Channel Control Algorithm Considering Channel Zapping Time and Network Utilisation172 6.3.4.2 Multicast Instant Channel Change (ICC) in IPTV Systems174 6.3.4.3 IPTV Channel Switching Delay Reduction rough Predicting Subscribers Behaviours and Preferences175 6.3.5 Programme Based Methods176 6.4 Discussion177 6.5 Summary180 References180 7 Delivering High De nition IPTV Services over IP Based Networks 185 SeongikHong 7.1 Introduction185 7.2 HD Video Compression188 7.2.1 Issues for HD Video Transmission188 7.2.1.1 Issue 1: Large Bandwidth Requirements188 7.2.1.2 Issue 2: QoS189 7.2.1.3 Issue 3: Network Responsiveness/Instant Channel Change189 7.2.2 Solutions190 7.2.2.1 Solution 1: Solving Large Bandwidth Requirements190 7.2.2.2 Solution 2 1: QoS: Protocols and Networks192 7.2.2.3 Solution 2 2: QoS: Reducing Packet Loss194 7.2.2.4 Solution 3: Solving Instant Channel Change Issue197 7.3 Future Trends198 7.4 Conclusion199 References199 8 IPTV Network Security: Threats and Countermeasures 203 M.S.A.NomanRanak,SaifulAzad,B.M.F.KamalRuhee,N.Nourin Nisa,NazrulKabir,MohammedMostafizurRahman,andKamalZ. Zamli 8.1 Introduction203 8.2 reats on IPTV Delivery Networks204 8.2.1 eft or Abuse of Network Assets206 8.2.2 eft of Service206


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