Download The Rough Guide to St. Petersburg 6 (Rough Guide Travel Guides) PDF

The Rough Guide to St. Petersburg 6 (Rough Guide Travel Guides)
Name: The Rough Guide to St. Petersburg 6 (Rough Guide Travel Guides)
Author: rough guides
Pages: 480
Year: 2008
Language: English
File Size: 17.6 MB
Downloads: 0
Page 5

3 Contents Colour section1 Introduction...............................4 What to see................................7 When to go..............................10 Things not to miss...................12 Basics17 Getting there............................19 Red tape and visas .................28 Health......................................32 Information..............................34 Arrival......................................35 City transport and tours...........36 The media ...............................43 Holidays and festivals .............44 Trouble and the police ............48 Travel essentials.....................50 The City59 1Within the Fontanka............61 2 The Hermitage..................115 3 The Russian Museum........137 4Vasilevskiy Island..............151 5 The Peter and Paul Fortress, Petrograd Side and the Kirov Islands.....................166 6Liteyniy, Smolniy and Vladimirskaya.........................190 7The Southern Suburbs......213 8Vyborg Side......................221 Out of the City 231 9 The Imperial palaces.........233 G Kronstadt, the Gulf coast and Vybor g........................281 H Shlisselburg, Valaam and Kizhi..................................294 I Novgorod..........................307 Listings321 J Accommodation...............323 K Eating and drinking...........337 L Clubs and live venues.......355 M The arts ............................362 N Shopping.........................371 O Children s St Petersburg...379 P Sports..............................382 Contexts389 A history of St Petersburg......391 Books....................................418 Language425 Travel store443 Small print & Index 449 | C ONTENTS | The Griboedov Canal The Winter Palace The Soviet heritage colour section following p.272 An Imperial city colour section following p.144 Colour maps section following p.464


Page 6

4 | I NT R O DU CT I O N | WHAT TO SEE| WHEN TO GO Introduction to St Petersburg Where were you born? St Petersburg. Where did you go to school? Petrograd. Where do you live now? Leningrad. And where would you like to live? St Petersburg. S t Petersburg, Petrograd, Leningrad and now, a gain, St Petersburg (in Russian, Sankt Peterburg) as this tongue in cheek catechism su ggests, the city"s succession of names mirrors Russia"s history. Founded in 1703 as a "window on the West" by Peter the Great, St Petersburg was for two centuries the ca pital of the Tsarist Empire, synonymous with hubris, excess and magnificence. During World War I the city renounced its Germanic sounding name and became Petro grad, and as such was the cradle of the revolutions that overthrew Tsarism an d brought the Bolsheviks to power in 1917. Later, as Leningrad, it epitomized the Soviet Union"s heroic sacrifices in the war against Fascism, withstandin g almost nine hundred days of Nazi siege. Finally, in 1991 the year that the USSR collapsed the change of name, back to St Petersburg, was deeply symbolic, infuriating the wartime generation but delighting those who pined for a pre revolutionary golden age; a dream kept alive throughout t he years of Stalinist terror, when the poet Osip Mandelstam (who died in a labour camp) wrote: "We shall meet again in Petersburg . . ." St Petersburg"s sense of its own identity owes much to its origins and the interweavin g of myth and reality throughout its history. Created by the will


Page 7

5 | I NT R O DU CT I O N | WHAT TO SEE| WHEN TO GO of an autocrat, on a barren river delta on the same latitude as the southern tip of Greenland, the Imperial capital embodied Peter the Great"s rejection of Old Russia represented by the former capital, Asiatic Moscow and his embrace of Euro pe. The city"s architecture, administration and social life were all copied or im ported, the splendid buildings appearing alien to the indigenous forms and out of place in the surrounding countryside. Artificiality and self conscious ness were present from the beginning and this showpiece city of palaces and canals soon decreed itself the arbiter of Russia"s sensibility and imagination. Petersburgers still tend to look down on t he earthier Muscovites, who regard them in turn as snobbish. As the last tsar , Nicholas II , once remarked, Remem ber, St Petersburg is Russian but it is not Russia. For all that, the city is associated wit h a host of renowned figures from Russian culture and history. It was here that Tchaikovsky, Stravinsky and Shostakovich composed; Pushkin, Dostoyevsky and Gogol wrote their masterpieces; Mendeleyev and Pavlov made their contributions to science; As the last tsar once remarked, "St Petersburg is Russian but it is not Russia." Street life off Nevskiy prospekt A "Red G ranny "


Page 8

6 | I NT R O DU CT I O N | WHAT TO SEE| WHEN TO GO and Rasputin, Lenin and Trotsky made history. So, too, are various buildings and sites inseparable from their former occupants or visitors: the amazing Im perial palaces outside St Petersburg, where Peter and Catherine the Great led the field in exuberant living; the Yusupov Palace, where Rasputin was murdered; Finland Station, where Lenin returned from exile; and the Winter Palace, the storming of which was heralded by the guns of the cruiser Aurora, now moored along the embankment from the Peter and Paul Fortress itself a Tsarist prison to generations of revolutionaries. Today, Piter (as it"s a ectionately known) casts itself as Russia"s cul tura l capital. For its three hundredth anniversary in 2003, much of the centre underwent a facelift when President Putin (a Leningrader by birth) hosted a G8 summit. W hile the city has never looked finer or been so tourist friendly as now, homelessness, alcoholism and poverty are still visible reminders of the human cost of Russia"s embrace of capitalism. Yet the city has endured far worse in its history, and there are plenty who are doing well or anticipate a brighter future. Walruses and ice shing Russians are proud of their "walruses" (morzhi(() ... intrepid bathers who ii break holes in the ice to swim in rivers throughout the winter. You can see them on the Neva bank of the Peter and Paul Fortress any day, joined by less hardy swimmers once the water warms up. This rugged tradition has spawned some great Olympic champions. Another quintessentially Russian sport is ice fishingon frozen rivers, lakes or seas. Every year, hundreds of shermen have to be rescued from ice "oes on the Gulf of Finland or the Sea of Okhotsk. Many are equipped only with an ice drill and rod, a stool and plastic tent ... and, of course, vodka.


Page 9

7 What to see S t Petersburg is Russia"s second largest city, with a population of five million and an urban sprawl of over 1400 square kilometres, across islands and peninsulas delineated by the River Neva and its tributar ies. The metro covers most parts of the city of interest to visitors, but t he historic centre is best explored on foot easily done with a decent map, given the abundance of landmarks. St Petersburg"s major islands and "mainland" districts are juxtaposed in the magnificent panorama of the Neva Basin. On the south bank of the Neva, the golden dome of St Isaac"s Cathedral and the needle spire of the Admiralty loom above the area within the Fontanka (Chapter 1), whose vibrant maina axis,Nevskiy prospekt, runs past a slew of sights culminating in the Winter Palace. The seductive vistas along the Moyka and Griboedov waterways entice you to wander o in search of the Mariinskiy ballet, the spot where Rasputin was mur dered, or the setting for Crime and Punishment. Two museums here rate a chapter each. The Hermitage (Chapter 2) boasts superlative collections of Rembrandt, Spanish masters, French Impressionists an d Post Impressionists; treasures from Siberia, Central Asia, India, Persia and C hina plus the sumptuous state rooms of the Winter Palace, which forms part of the complex. If homegrown art is lacking there, that"s because it"s in theRussian Museum (Chapter 3), which runs the gamut from folk art and icons to Futurism an d Socialist Realism. | INTRODUCTION| WHA T T O S EE| WHEN TO GO ? Queuin g for food is a thin g of the past but prices are a worry for man y


Page 10

8 Opposite the Admiralty, on the spit or Strelka of Vasilevskiy Island (Chap ter 4), the Rostral Columns and Naval Museum proclaim a maritime heritage bequeathed by Peter the Great. Nearby is the Kunstkammerof anatomical curios founded by Peter as Russia s rst museum and still the city s most ghoulish tourist attraction. Farther along the embankment stand the Academy of Arts an d the palace of Prince Menshikov. Completing the panorama is the Peter and Paul Fortress(Chapter 4), its bastions surroundin g a soaring cathedral where the Romanov monarchs are buried, and a Prison Museum attesting to the dark side of its history. Beyond its moat, the city s zoo and mosque mark the onset of the residential Petro grad Side, with its Art Nouveau buildings and "at museums commemorating t he opera singer Chaliapin and the Bolshevik martyr Kirov, whose name was given to the archipelago that forms its hinterland. The Kirov Islands are the cit y s summer playground, with boating lakes, the Zenit Stadium and Yelagin Palace to explore. Back on the mainland , the area beyond the Fontanka is designated Lit eyniy, Smolniy and Vladimirskaya(Chapter 6), after the three localities that de ne its character. Its nest sights are the Smolniy Cathedral, n ear the Institute from where the Bolsheviks orchestrated the October Revolution , and the Alexander Nevsk y Monastery, in w hose cemeteries many of the city s most famous personages are buried. However, don t ne glect t he atmospheric Vladimirskaya district, where Dostoyevsky s a partment and the Pushkinskaya 10 artists colony are located, along with an assortment of odd museums. Further out, the industrial Southern Suburbs(Chapter 7) are digni ed by grandiose Soviet architecture such as the House of Soviets and the Victory Monument, and Tsarist trium phal arches that were re erected in the euphoria of the Soviet Union s victory over Nazi Ger many. Aside from these, there s St Petersburg"s beauty is tinged with melancholy. | INTRODUCTION| T T O S EE| WHEN TO GO Sa il o r s o n th e S tr e lk a


Tags: Download The Rough Guide to St. Petersburg 6 (Rough Guide Travel Guides) PDF, The Rough Guide to St. Petersburg 6 (Rough Guide Travel Guides) free pdf download, The Rough Guide to St. Petersburg 6 (Rough Guide Travel Guides) Pdf online download, The Rough Guide to St. Petersburg 6 (Rough Guide Travel Guides) By rough guides download, The Rough Guide to St. Petersburg 6 (Rough Guide Travel Guides).pdf, The Rough Guide to St. Petersburg 6 (Rough Guide Travel Guides) read online.
About | Contact | DMCA | Terms | Privacy | Mobile Specifications
Copyright 2021 FilePdf