FOREWORD Terrorism is an indiscriminate crime that comes in varying forms of threats and violence and is used primarily to attain political goals of one form or another. Terrorists generate fear through acts of violence, intimidation, and coercion. Acts of terrorism such as hijacking, bombings, etc., occur routinely in certain parts of the world making almost anyone a potential victim. Terrorism is frightening and the results are horrifying. As recent events have shown, terrorists have reached new levels of organization, sophistication, and violence. Terrorist tactics and techniques are changing and challenging the effectiveness of our current antiterrorist measures. Accordingly, we must change our very mindset about terrorism. You and your families are an important part of our military. This booklet will not ensure immunity against terrorism, but by practicing these techniques and proven security habits, the possibility of becoming a terrorist target will be lessened. Security against terrorism is the responsibility of every individual assigned to the Armed Forces. As members of the military community, you are a most valuable yet most vulnerable resource. This pamphlet will assist in making you and your family less vulnerable to terrorists. Please incorporate those protective measures I that are applicable to your particular situation. Through constant awareness you can protect yourself and your family from acts of terrorism. JOHN M. SHALIKASHVILI Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Steps To Combat Terrorism KEEP A LOW PROFILE Your dress, conduct, and mannerisms should not attract attention. Make an effort to blend into the local environment. Avoid publicity and don"t go out in large groups. Stay away from civil disturbances and demonstrations. BE UNPREDICTABLE Vary your route to and from work and the time you leave and return home. Vary the way you dress. Don"t exercise at the same time and place each day, never alone, on deserted streets, or country roads. Let people close to you know where you are going, what you"ll be doing, and when you should be back. BE ALERT Watch for anything suspicious or out of place. Don"t give personal information over the telephone. If you think you are being followed, go to a preselected secure area. Immediately report the incident to the military /security police or law enforcement agencies. In overseas areas without such above agencies, report the incident to the Security Officer or the Military Attache at the US Embassy.
4 Section 1 General Security Checklist Instruct your family and associates not to provide strangers with information about you or your family. Avoid giving unnecessary personal details to information collectors. Be alert to strangers who are on government property for no apparent reason. Report all suspicious persons loitering near your residence or office; attempt to provide a complete description of the person and/or vehicle to police or security. Vary daily routines to avoid habitual patterns. If possible, fluctuate travel times and routes to and from work. Refuse to meet with strangers outside your work place. Always advise associates or family members of your destination when leaving the office or home and the anticipated time of arrival. Don"t open doors to strangers. Memorize key phone numbers office, home, police, security, etc. Be cautious about giving out information regarding family travel plans or security measures and procedures. If you are overseas, learn and practice a few key phrases in the native language, such as HI need a policeman, doctor," etc.
5 House, Home, and family Security Although spouses and children are seldom targeted by terrorists, they should practice basic precautions for their personal security. Familiarize your family with the local terrorist threat and regularly review the protective measures and techniques listed in this handbook. Ensure everyone in the family knows what to do in an emergency. TIPS FOR THE FAMILY AT HOME Restrict the possession of house keys. Change locks if keys are lost or stolen and when moving into a previously occupied residence. Lock all entrances at night, including the garage. Keep the house locked, even if you are at home. Destroy all envelopes or other items that indicate your name and rank. Develop friendly relations with your neighbors. Do not draw attention to yourself; be considerate of neighbors. Avoid frequent exposure on balconies and near windows. BE SUSPICIOUS Be alert to public works crews and, if overseas, other foreign nationals requesting access to residence; check their identities through a peep hole before allowing entry. Be alert to peddlers and strangers.
BE SUSPICIOUS con"t... Write down license numbers of suspicious vehicles; note descriptions of occupants. Treat with suspicion any inquiries about the whereabouts or activities of other family members. Report all suspicious activity to Military/Security Police or local law enforcement. TELEPHONE SECURITY Post emergency numbers on the telephone. Military/Security Police: __________________________ Local Police: __________________________________ Fire Department: _______________________________ Hospital: Do not answer your telephone with your name and rank. Report all threatening phone calls to security officials. WHEN GOING OVERSEAS Travel in groups as much as possible. Avoid high risk areas and demonstrations, and vary movements so as not to be predictable. Try to be inconspicuous when using public transportation and facilities. Dress, conduct, and mannerisms should not attract attention. Avoid public demonstrations; do not be curious.
7 Stay away from controversial meeting places; visit only reputable establishments, but don"t frequent the same off base locations (in particular, known, US associated locales). SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS FOR CHILDREN Never leave young children alone or unattended. Be certain they are in the care of a trustworthy person. If it is necessary to leave children at home, keep the house well lighted and notify the neighbors. Instruct children to keep doors and windows locked, and never to admit strangers. Teach children how to contact the police or a neighbor in an emergency. Know where your children are all the time. Advise your children to: Never leave home without telling you where they will be and who will accompany them. Travel in pairs or groups. Avoid isolated areas. Use locally approved play areas where recreational activities are supervised by responsible adults and where police protection is readily available. Refuse automobile rides from strangers and refuse to accompany strangers anywhere on foot even if the strangers say mom or dad sent them, or said it was "okay."
8 Report immediately to the nearest person of authority (parent, teacher, police) anyone who attempts to molest or annoy them SECURITY PRECAUTIONS WHILE YOU"RE AWAY Leave the house with a lived in look. Stop deliveries or forward mail to a neighbor"s home. Don"t hide keys outside house. Use a timer (appropriate to local electricity) to turn lights on and off at varying times and locations. Leave radio on. (Best with a timer) Hide valuables. Notify the police or a trusted neighbor of your absence. SUSPICIOUS PACKAGES OR MAIL Suspicious characteristics to look for include: An unusual or unknown place of origin. No return address. An excessive amount of postage. Abnormal or unusual size. Oily stains on the package. Wires or strings protruding from or attached to an item. Incorrect spelling on the package label. Differing return address and postmark. Appearance of foreign style handwriting. Peculiar odor. (Many explosives used by terrorists smell like shoe polish or almonds.) Unusual heaviness or lightness.